The 'Friendship 9,' a group of college students and activists in Rock Hill, South Carolina, claimed a place in American history by challenging Jim Crow laws. In 1961 while trying to be served a meal, they were arrested for a sit-in at McCrory's Five and Dime in Rock Hill. Today, 54 years later, a South Carolina Judge exonerated the 'Friendship 9' activists and cleared their criminal record!
Fred Christie, the Canadian who stood up to racism before Rosa Parks. Discover more.
Stokely Carmichael, A Philosopher Behind The Black Power Movement. Read this Karen Grigsby Bates article, or listen to the audio story...
The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial is the only monument dedicated to an African American on the National Mall in Washington DC. Find out more by watching and listening to this 60 second video we recorded and produced at the King Memorial on the 2nd day the new shrine was open to the public in August, 2011. This video was originally posted only on Facebook on August 24, 2011. 2018 update: Now posted to YouTube. We are not sure why at the end of the video we put February 23, 2011 on the screen. Probably a production mistake that should have said August 23, 2011. You'll see it's obviously summer!
Dr. Dorothy Height (1912 - 2010) dedicated her life to public service, women’s rights, civil rights, and human rights. The YMCA was the beneficiary of her talent as an Executive Director and national board member between 1944 - 1957. She became the President of the National Council of Negro Women in 1958. Height was named "Woman of the Year" by the Ladies Home Journal in 1974. In 2004 Dr. Height was presented with the Congressional Gold Medal at a ceremony in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C.
Benjamin L. Hooks, (1925 - 2010), became the first black criminal court judge in Tennessee in 1965. He was the first African American member of the Federal Communications Commission in 1972. In 1977, Hooks succeeded Roy Wilkins to become Executive Director of the nation’s top civil rights organization, the NAACP. Rev. Hooks earned his law degree from De Paul University in 1949. Early in his career he was a public defender, a politician, a Baptist minister, and a vice president of a saving and loan association.